gulf of fonseca, el salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua poster
the gulf of fonseca ,a part of the pacific ocean in a a gulf on central America, bordering el salador, honduras and nicaragua. it covers an area of about 3,200 km 2 with a coastline that extends for 261km. the vegetation of the wetland ecosystem is dominated by various species of mangroves, the dominance of different species over others correlates with the frequency of floods , water quality and levels of salinity . mangroves are critical coastal ecosystem ,supporting diverse wildlife , food production and offering coastal protection from storm surges, as such the need protection for land clearing and development . number of volcanoes also lie within and around the gulf.